Background: This study aims to: a follow-up the prevalence of comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder PTSD , anxiety and depression; b determine the chronological relations between these disorder; and c examine whether PTSD comorbid with anxiety and depression is implicated in more impaired functioning than PTSD by itself. Methods: war veterans were followed up 1, 2, and 20 years after their participation in the Lebanon War. Comorbidity was assessed by self reported PTSD, anxiety, and depression symptoms; impairment in psychosocial functioning was assessed by self reported problems in occupational, social, sexual and family functioning. PTSD predicted depression, anxiety, and comorbid disorders, but not vice versa. At time 1 and 2 assessments, triple comorbidity was associated with more impaired functioning than PTSD alone. In addition, triple comorbidity at Time 2 was associated with more impaired functioning than double comorbidity.
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This makes antidepressants an effective way to treat various forms of depression, whether it would be long term or short term. In this case, the use of Prozac in the Kirsch and Sapirstein study has potential side effects such as headaches, nervousness, loss of appetite, difficulty sleeping and sexual dysfunction. This can be considered as putting harm on the participants or clients, and violates the ethical standards. Although each type of treatment, whether it was cognitive therapy or biomedical therapy, has shown in both study Riggs et al. Individual therapy relieves depressive symptoms through resolving problems and help clients to develop coping strategies. Another way to treat many phobias is with therapy.
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Disclaimer: anyone who is having feelings or behaviors as described in this paper should seek professional assistance. While coaching is beneficial to many, it is no substitute for psychiatry, psychology or therapy. Moreover, please inform your therapist if you plan to seek professional coaching in order to have your coach act as a part of your treatment regimen. In a article written in the Financial Times, Dr. Mark Winwood stated People have been living on adrenalin for the past few years… [a]fter a long time running on empty, all of a sudden they become very, very unwell.
Depression is one of the most common mental health conditions, affecting more than million people worldwide. Even simple things — like getting dressed in the morning or eating at mealtime — can feel like large obstacles when you have depression. A person with depression may not always seem sad to others. And when friends or family do notice signs of depression, they may want to help but not know how.