This handout will help you understand how to use these three verb tenses in your own academic writing. Click here for a color-coded illustration of changing verb tenses in academic writing. The present simple tense is the basic tense of most academic writing. Use this as your first choice unless you have a good reason to use another tense.
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Blog | What tense should research papers be written in? | College View Books
Yateendra Joshi. Although English uses an elaborate system of tenses, simple past and simple present are the most common tenses in research papers, supplemented by the present perfect and past perfect. A typical research paper follows the IMRaD format , and how frequently a given tense is used varies with the section of the paper: the introduction, for example, uses a mix of the present tense and the past tense whereas the past tense dominates the results section. Here is a brief guide to using the four variants, namely simple past, simple present, present perfect, and past perfect. Simple past: Use simple past to describe specific actions or events that occurred in the past and that are not being linked to the present in the same sentence. Here are some sentences in simple past. To enhance your knowledge about writing research papers, you could refer to the following articles:.
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Writing an Abstract for Your Research Paper
It only takes a minute to sign up. Connect and share knowledge within a single location that is structured and easy to search. To answer the above research questions, we firstly collected a large amount of data Section 2 , and then did some statistics and experiments Section 3, 4 and 5 on the data set focusing on three main goals:. Is it proper to use the past tense in an academic paper?
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