These ten characters have all had a huge influence on psychology and their stories continue to intrigue each new generation of students. What many of these 10 also have in common is that they speak to some of the perennial debates in psychology, about personality and identity, nature and nurture, and the links between mind and body. Phineas Gage One day in in Central Vermont, Phineas Gage was tamping explosives into the ground to prepare the way for a new railway line when he had a terrible accident. The detonation went off prematurely, and his tamping iron shot into his face, through his brain, and out the top of his head. A simulation of his injuries suggested much of his right frontal cortex was likely spared, and photographic evidence has been unearthed showing a post-accident dapper Gage. Henry Gustav Molaison known for years as H.
Psychological Contract Case Study
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By Dr. Saul McLeod , updated Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods e. The case study research method originated in clinical medicine the case history, i. In psychology, case studies are often confined to the study of a particular individual. The information is mainly biographical and relates to events in the individual's past i.
Trust and the psychological contract
Descriptions and definitions of the Psychological Contract first emerged in the s, notably in the work of organizational and behavioural theorists Chris Argyris and Edgar Schein. Many other experts have contributed ideas to the subject since then, and continue to do so, either specifically focusing on the the Psychological Contract, or approaching it from a particular perspective, of which there are many. The Psychological Contract is a deep and varied concept and is open to a wide range of interpretations and theoretical studies. Primarily, the Psychological Contract refers to the relationship between an employer and its employees , and specifically concerns mutual expectations of inputs and outcomes. The Psychological Contract is usually seen from the standpoint or feelings of employees, although a full appreciation requires it to be understood from both sides.
They might feel trapped in their job, or hopeless in handling their responsibilities, or as if they are unable to succeed with their goals. With this, Yapko solidifies his perspective on depression as a social disease. Therefore, when Yapko discusses the effects of depression on relationships, he mentions divorce, destructive relationships, and isolation. A common trait of a collective experiencing this phenomenon, is an inclination to take irrational decision making in addition to members of the group being similar in background and further being insulated from external insight.